Hawaiian is a remarkable, enduring, and beautiful language. Historically, it began as a proto-Polynesian language that evolved into a unique language spoken by peoples of the Hawaiian archipelago around 1000 AD. ┬áIt was established as the official language of Hawaii by King Kamehameha III in 1839, studied in depth by Western Missionaries (who wanted to write a Hawaiian Bible to aid in converting the islanders to Christianity), eventually banned in 1896 to forcibly promote English, and has since the 20th century been re-embraced. Phonetically, it is both simple and surprising: it consists of only eight consonant phonemes and 5 vowel phonemes, but it has a number of free consonant variations (such as “p/b” or “v/w” or (the rather surprising) “t/k”) and 25 dual-phoneme vowel diphthongs. Aurally, it has a lovely, song-like quality with percussive glottal stops and rhythmic word-stresses.

All that being said, one really ought to re-evaluate the beauty of any language that refers to appetizers as pu-pu.

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thirty four − = twenty nine